The most common diseases in cats are considered to be skin diseases. They are caused by skin fungi and mites. The more dangerous of these diseases are trichophytosis and microsporia. All feline skin diseases are curable. If you find symptoms of the disease in your pet, contact your veterinarian - this will minimize the risk of death of the cat.
Trichophytosis is a fungal disease accompanied by itching. The cat thoroughly licks the affected areas of the skin, usually oval in shape. The skin in these areas may be scratched and bloody or covered with gray scales.
Scabies is accompanied by itching. It is caused by a skin mite. The hair on the damaged areas of the skin becomes brittle and dull, partially falls out. Red dots are visible on the skin: these are the places of egg deposition and the waste of the tick. Scabies affects the scalp, neck and ears of cats.
Fungal diseases are treated with drugs that have a universal effect. They are suitable for the treatment of both fungal and scabies skin lesions. This is a sulfuric ointment and sulfodecortem ointment made on its basis. Sulfur preparations can be used to treat any invasive skin disease. Sulfur ointment and sulfodecotrem are used until all signs of the disease disappear. These drugs have no significant side effects.
In the treatment of fungal diseases in cats, Juglone powder has an effective effect. Currently, this drug is difficult to find on the market, but it is one of the most effective remedies. A 2% oil solution is prepared from the powder, which is applied to the skin of the animal once every 7 days. One or two treatments are enough to get rid of the disease. The next day, zinc ointment is applied to the treated skin to reduce possible burns. Cat licking the powder is undesirable.
A simple remedy like iodine can also help in the treatment of fungal diseases, but it must be used with caution. The affected area of the skin is treated with a 5% iodine solution (stronger solutions are not used), after a few minutes a sulfuric ointment is applied to the area of the skin treated with iodine. If the cat's behavior changes, iodine treatment should be discontinued.
It is undesirable to use fluconazole, intraconazole, ketoconazole. These drugs have minimal therapeutic effect and have a negative effect on the adrenal glands. Clotrimazole, batrafen, lamisil also do not have the desired effect.
For the treatment of scabies, amitrazine, aversectin ointment, epacid-alpha and ivermectin preparations are suitable. Ivermectin is administered subcutaneously once every 7 days at the rate of 1 ml per 25 kg of body weight. It can be used no earlier than the cat reaches the age of 3-4 months. Preparations neostomazan, ectomin, entomazan in aerosol form are more effective and safe for treating cats against scabies than preparations sold in ampoules. With a small spread of scabies, tar is used. Cats react to it with increased salivation, this is not dangerous. Sulfur ointments can also help fight scabies.