Chickens are considered one of the easiest pets to breed. They are unpretentious in food, practically do not get sick, can be carried all year round, and their meat is nutritious and dietary. But for the chicken to stay healthy, it needs to be fed properly.
At poultry farms, chickens are fed with a special compound feed, which includes all the nutrients, trace elements and vitamins necessary for the bird. A chicken living on a personal plot, having the ability to run freely, is able to provide itself with a full-fledged diet, the owner will only have to feed her with a small amount of grain in the evening.
If domestic chickens live in a confined space, then you will have to attend to the preparation of a balanced menu for them. It is necessary to feed them 2-3 times a day with dry and wet food. It is better if the chickens have dry grain in constant access in the feeder for free eating, but wet mash should be given in a small amount, which the chickens can eat at one time. Stale food is instantly trampled by the bird, no one will eat it anymore.
If the chickens are laying, their feed should contain enough calcium to form the shell. You can use special mineral additives, or you can add crushed chalk and ordinary bone meal to the feed. Do not throw the eggshells in the trash, it is better to collect them and give them to the chickens, they are a welcome delicacy for them.
A free-walking chicken constantly rummages in the ground, looking for grains of sand, pebbles and other coarse litter that its stomach needs for successful digestion. A captive chicken is deprived of this. The owner must take this fact into account when drawing up the menu and introduce special additives into the feed.
In spring, chickens, like all living things, experience vitamin deficiency, therefore they need to be fed with vitamins. The easiest way to do this is to soak the barley or wheat and let them germinate. Such food will not only be useful, but the birds will also like it. Although they are chickens, they also love to feast on.